The Betzavta Method (“Together”, in Hebrew), is a unique method of education for democracy, was developed by Dr. Uki Maroshek-Klarman, the Academic Director of Adam Institute. Its basic manual, first published in Hebrew in 1989 (and later also in Arabic, English, German, Polish and other languages), has been taught and implemented by Adam staff for over 30 years. The Betzavta Method has been adopted by many organizations and Institution across Europe and the rest of the world.
The attached map illustrate the distribution of the Method in the world.
The “Betzavta Method” aims to educate for an active recognition of freedom as an equal right to all individuals, cultural, ethnic or national groups, a task that is both engaging and challenging. Through hands-on activities, games, and small group discussions, Betzavta facilitators heighten participants’ awareness of the rights guaranteed in a democracy and the difficulties that arise when these rights conflict with one another. The method encourages participants to reframe these external conflicts as internal dilemmas, providing all sides with an incentive to look beyond all-or-nothing solutions, and to generate solutions that benefit everyone.
The unique character of this method consists in using three parallel processes for the learning:
- The logical process (the logical structure of the workshop program)
- The educational process (to transform a conflict into dilemma and find a creative resolution)
- The group process (the psychological dynamics of the group)
This curriculum, comprising 40 lesson plans, begins by situating Freedom of Expression (FoE) within the democratic way of life. The activities then explore two areas that enjoy a special protection of FoE: academia and art. Next, students are introduced to conflicts between FoE and other democratic principles (e.g. the right to protest, the public’s right to know, the right to privacy). Students discuss these conflicts and learn how they may be resolved. The program then delves into various facets of FoE: gender equity, online culture, and the role of FoE in majority-minority relations. The program’s last sections bring the topic closer to home; students learn about FoE in education, and eventually develop projects to promote FoE at school or in their community.Download
This program is a collaborative effort between the Adam Institute and the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI).
It was funded by the European Union (EU). The contents of the program are the sole responsibility of the Adam Institute for Democracy and Peace and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the EU.
In the Path of Dialogue
This curriculum includes nine lesson plans that introduce and sensitize junior and high school students to the concept of racism, so that they can identify and combat it at school and their surroundings. The program begins by defining and introducing the concept of racism, while differentiating it from discrimination. The program then explores various, more nuanced issues relating to racism: when segregation may (or may not) be legitimate, multicultural neighborhoods, the connection between nationalism and racism, and the distinction between national/collective liberties, control, and individual rights. To this end, students imagine and develop policies for towns with various ethnic/national make-ups. Next, the program introduces the concept of Freedom of Expression (FoE) and explores the line between FoE and incitement to racism. The final activities help students understand the mechanisms that enable racism and racist behavior, in hopes that they will be able to eliminate and/or combat it in their surroundings.
This program was supported by the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR). The contents of this program are the sole responsibility of the Adam Institute for Democracy and Peace and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the EU.
Additional funding was provided by the Jerusalem Foundation, the Israeli Ministry of Education, and the Rayne Trust.
This program is a collaborative effort of The Adam Institute and The Association for Civil Rights in Israel. Each organization contributed the knowledge and activities accumulated over the years of working within civil society and the legal system.
We hope this program will help educators, within both formal and informal frameworks, to foster and promote rational discussion on issues related to free speech and to address and combat incitement to racism. Ultimately, we hope that the students will partake in civilactivity in order to create a democratic sphere worthy of the exchange of ideas and opinions.Download